Mapping Species Distributions: Spatial Inference and Prediction (Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation)

Mapping Species Distributions: Spatial Inference and Prediction (Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation)

Maps of species' distributions or habitat suitability are required for many aspects of environmental research, resource management and conservation planning. These include biodiversity assessment, reserve design, habitat management and restoration, species and habitat conservation plans and predicting the effects of environmental change on species and ecosystems. The proliferation of methods and uncertainty regarding their effectiveness can be daunting to researchers, resource managers and conservation planners alike. Franklin summarises the methods used in species distribution modeling (also called niche modeling) and presents a framework for spatial prediction of species distributions based on the attributes (space, time, scale) of the data and questions being asked. The framework links theoretical ecological models of species distributions to spatial data on species and environment, and statistical models used for spatial prediction. Providing practical guidelines to students, researchers and practitioners in a broad range of environmental sciences including ecology, geography, conservation biology, and natural resources management.

  • Brand: Brand: Cambridge University Press
  • ASIN: 0521700027

By Janet Franklin - Mapping Species Distributions: Spatial Inference and Prediction

By Janet Franklin - Mapping Species Distributions: Spatial Inference and Prediction

  • ASIN: B008UYO1MG

Pest Risk Modelling and Mapping for Invasive Alien Species (CABI Invasives Series)

Pest Risk Modelling and Mapping for Invasive Alien Species (CABI Invasives Series)

Over the past century, the number of species that have been transported to areas outside their native range has increased steadily. New pests and pathogens place biological pressure on valuable resident species, but strict bans may conflict with trading and travel needs. An overview of how the conflict can be managed using pest risk mapping and modelling, this book uses worked examples to explain modelling and help development of tool kits for assessment.

  • ASIN: 1780643942

Predictive Species and Habitat Modeling in Landscape Ecology: Concepts and Applications

Predictive Species and Habitat Modeling in Landscape Ecology: Concepts and Applications

Most projects in Landscape Ecology, at some point, define a species-habitat association. These models are inherently spatial, dealing with landscapes and their configurations. Whether coding behavioral rules for dispersal of simulated organisms through simulated landscapes, or designing the sampling extent of field surveys and experiments in real landscapes, landscape ecologists must make assumptions about how organisms experience and utilize the landscape. These convenient working postulates allow modelers to project the model in time and space, yet rarely are they explicitly considered. The early years of landscape ecology necessarily focused on the evolution of effective data sources, metrics, and statistical approaches that could truly capture the spatial and temporal patterns and processes of interest. Now that these tools are well established, we reflect on the ecological theories that underpin the assumptions commonly made during species distribution modeling and mapping. This is crucial for applying models to questions of global sustainability. Due to the inherent use of GIS for much of this kind of research, and as several authors’ research involves the production of multicolored map figures, there would be an 8-page color insert. Additional color figures could be mad...

  • Brand: Drew C Ashton Wiersma Yolanda Huettmann Falk
  • ASIN: 1441973893

GIS and Remote Sensing for Mapping Species Spatial Distributions: GIS and Remote Sensing for Natural Resources Management

GIS and Remote Sensing for Mapping Species Spatial Distributions: GIS and Remote Sensing for Natural Resources Management

Relatively little attention is currently given to the issue of biodiversity loss in savannah ecosystems and only a limited range of methods have been developed for the assessment and management of this issue. The aim of this study was to contribute to a better understanding of dry land woody species biodiversity and to test if woody species biodiversity assessment can be performed using remote sensing and geostatistics. The research was undertaken on an experimental site in the Serowe area, Botswana. A total of 169 sample plots were collected and analyzed. An importance value index (IVI), which is the summation of relative frequency, relative density and relative basal area, was used to select the dominant species of the area. The applicability of IKONOS imagery data and geostatistical techniques for savannah woody species biodiversity assessment were tested. A total of 33 woody species, which belong to 25 genera and 18 families, were identified. Two vegetation types were identified: dense savannah (SAD) and open savannah (SAO). The tree stems density was significantly higher (t-test, t=-4.39, d.f=167, p>0.001) in SAD than in SAO. According to the IVI criteria, the dominant species.

  • ASIN: 3846542121

Marine Genomics: Methods and Protocols (Methods in Molecular Biology)

Marine Genomics: Methods and Protocols (Methods in Molecular Biology)

This volume presents the latest protocols for both laboratory and bioinformatics based analyses in the field of marine genomics. The chapters presented in the book cover a wide range of topics, including the sampling and genomics of bacterial communities, DNA extraction in marine organisms, high-throughput sequencing of whole mitochondrial genomes, phylogenomics, SNP discovery, SNP-arrays for species identification, digital PCR-based quantification methods, environment DNA for invasive species surveillance and monitoring, microarrays for the detection of waterborne pathogens, DNA barcoding of marine biodiversity, metabarcoding protocols for marine eukaryotes, analytical protocols for the visualization of eukaryotic diversity, and applications for genomic data to benthic indices for environmental monitoring. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introduction to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls.Cutting-edge and thorough, Marine Genomics: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource for researchers, students, and policy makers in the field of marine biology.

  • Brand: Ingramcontent
  • ASIN: 1493937723

Mapping Species Distributions: (Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation) Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Mapping Species Distributions: (Ecology, Biodiversity and Conservation) Publisher: Cambridge University Press

  • ASIN: B004WEN0PW

3: GIS Applications in Agriculture, Volume Three: Invasive Species

3: GIS Applications in Agriculture, Volume Three: Invasive Species

While many "alien" plant and animal species are purposefully introduced into new areas as ornamentals, livestock, crops, and even pets, these species can escape into other areas and threaten agricultural and native ecosystems causing economic and environmental harm, or harm to human health. Increasingly, scientists are using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to track and manage the invaders, mitigate the potential rate of spread and level of impact, and protect the native economy and ecosystem. Beginning with an introduction to the use of GIS technology to capture, store, analyze, manage, and present data, GIS Applications in Agriculture, Volume Three: Invasive Species examines five relevant categories of geographic information including dispersal and transport, prediction and forecasting, mapping of current infestations, maps for management and control tactics, and impact assessment and method of control. It address GIS for studying the population ecology of a new species, niche requirements for species success, and the monitoring and control of several different species including Australian examples of intentionally introduced invasive species, insects and other animals that may also vector a disease, and invasive weed management from prediction to management. Chapters co...

  • Brand: Brand: CRC Press
  • ASIN: 1420078801

Mapping the spawning grounds of northern North Sea gadoids: A study using species- specific TaqMan PCR for identification of early stage eggs

Mapping the spawning grounds of northern North Sea gadoids: A study using species- specific TaqMan PCR for identification of early stage eggs

Following the meeting of Scientific Expert Committee in 2002, regular monitoring of the spawning grounds of important commercial species has been recommended as an important component of ecosystem approach to marine conservation. This study reports the results from real-time PCR based approach for identification of cod, haddock, Norway pout and whiting in the sub sample of early developmental stage ??cod-like'' eggs collected during 2009 second ichthyoplankton survey covering the northern North Sea. The results were in general agreement with the historical information of the spawning grounds of cod and haddock that showed significant egg abundance around the Shetlands, Link and Viking Banks. These areas were broadly overlapping with known spawning locations since the last decades. However, the current study failed to detect cod eggs at the historic spawning locations such as that off the Moray Firth and low abundance of spawning products was registered at Long Forties. Haddock eggs were the most abundant during the whole survey which is thought to reflect the current status of the stock.

  • Brand: Dimitrov Stefan
  • ASIN: 3843388695

Towards Genomic Resources for Mediterranean Marine Fish Species: Gene expression and mapping in the gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata

Towards Genomic Resources for Mediterranean Marine Fish Species: Gene expression and mapping in the gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata

The gilthead sea bream, Sparus aurata, a euryhaline Sparidae, occurs in the Mediterranean, the Black Sea and in the Eastern Atlantic. At present, the gilthead sea bream is one of the species of major economic interest in the Mediterranean. In addition, belonging to the order Perciformes, an order that underwent an explosive radiation 60 mya, it is of key interest for evolutionary studies. As a result of commercial interest and technological development in aquaculture an increased need of understanding its biology at molecular level is fundamental. The present book describes the accumulation of solid genomic information in sea bream in form of ESTs, gene expression data and RH map plus first comparative mapping approaches. It also shows functional studies of genes resulting from the established molecular tools. This work aims to give an introduction for students as well as scientists towards the construction and application of molecular tools for non-model organisms like marine fish species with scarce genomic information. It further seeks to show the significance working with non-model fish species taking into account the diverse physiology of Teleosts.

  • Brand: Sarropoulou Elena
  • ASIN: 3838303423
Similar Mapping Species Distributions Results
Mapping Species Distributions Video Results

Species Distribution Model (SDM) or Species Habitat Models (SHM) in ArcMap 10.1

Mapping Species Distributions

This is part 2 where I use ArcMap 10.1 to do a ranking model and boolean model to find habitat for Nemo (fish). The data included bathymetry data and other terrain information which is parameterized using ArcToolBox's Raster Calculator. This a raster model is applied to find the habitat. For ...

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Tags: SHM,ArcGIS,Raster Model,Gis,Raster Calculator,ArcMap 10.1,Habitat Model,SDM

Investigating species’ distributions with ecological niche models and GIS

Mapping Species Distributions

Monica Papeş, Assistant Professor, Oklahoma State University Plant Biology Section Section seminar series November 13, 2015

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Creating Plant Species Distribution Maps in QGIS

Mapping Species Distributions

This video shows you how to use QGIS to add PI data from a CSV file into a points layer.

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Mapping Species Distributions Spatial Inference and Prediction Ecology Biodiversity and Conservation

Mapping Species Distributions

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